88. Betodegana - (Bayt Dagan)
BETH-DAGON. Several biblical places, named after a house (shrine) of the god Dagon (cf. the Temple of Dagon in Ashdod, I Sam. 5:1ff.).
An unidentified city in the southern Shephelah district of Judah (Josh. 15:41).
A city mentioned as Bit-Daganna, near Jaffa, in the inscriptions of Sennacherib, king of Assyria, in whose time (701 B.C.E.) it was under the rule of Ashkelon. The Tosefta in reference to it (Oho. 3:9) specifies that it is located "in Judah," and distinguishes it from Beth-Dagon located by Eusebius (Onom. 50:16) "between Diospolis (Lydda) and Jamnia (Jabneh)," but called by him Kefar Dagon. The original name appears on the Madaba Map in the form (Bet)odegana. It was populated by Samaritans, who built a synagogue there in the fourth century.
Michael Avi-Yonah, Encyclopaedia Judaica, ad v. "Beth-Dagon"
Michael Avi-Yonah (The Madaba Mosaic Map, Jerusalem 1954, 62)
The Madaba map reverts here to an Aramaic form of the Biblical Beth Dagon (Jos. xv, 41), which occurs also in the Tosephtha (Ohiloth iii, 9); in preference to the form Keparadagon used by the Onomasticon 50,16.
For more sources and bibliography see:
Tabula Imperii Romani. Iudaea - Palaestina (Jerusalem 1994) s.v. "Beth Dagan", 81.
Map Section 7 Place Sources