The Sea-coast

93. Enetaba - ('Ayn Taba)

Enetaba. 'En Tab ('Ein Taba 143148). Village near Lod, where the New Moon was announced after the destruction of Jerusalem (TJ Sukkah 53a).

Tabula Imperii Romani. Iudaea-Palaestina, Jerusalem 1994, ad v. "Enetaba. 'En Tab"

More sources and bibliography are found thereafter.

Herbert Donner (The Mosaic Map of Madaba, Kampen 1992, 56)
Three different sized rectangular elements, two of them with doors. An unidentified village, mentioned in Rabbinical literature, the name of which means "good spring".It could be Hirbat Kafr Tab, about 4 km east of ar-Ramla? If so, the representation would be displaced on the map.

Michael Avi-Yonah (The Madaba Mosaic Map, Jerusalem 1954, 63)
This place is mentioned several times in rabbinical tradition, but it cannot be identified. (Sefer ha-Yishuv I. Jerusalem, 1939, p. 115 f. Hebrew).

Israel Roll ("The Roads in Roman-Byzantine Palaestina and Arabia", in The Madaba Map Centenary, 112)
Several sites depicted on the mosaic map of Madaba indicate that its makers used data drawn from road-maps and itineraria. Between Jerusalem and Jaffa, a series of places known to be located along the two connecting highways between them, are shown on that map. These are: Bethoron, Kaperouta, Modeim, Adita and Lydda/Diospolis, which bordered, in that sequence, the northern highway - known as the Bethoron road. Also are mentioned Nicopolis, Enataba and Betoannaba, that belonged to the parallel southern road, via Emmaus. The very mentioning of two mile-stations, the fourth (to tetarton), and the ninth (to ennaton), clearly indicate a road-map origin. Those two sites could be identified with two traditional road-stations of the southern highway which possessed plenty of water, that is, Colonia (today Motza) located at the distance of four miles from Jerusalem, and Kiriat Jearim (today Abu Ghosh) - at nine miles from it. (See also the complete article)

Leah Di Segni ("The Onomastikon of Eusebius and the Madaba Map", in The Madaba Map Centenary, Jerusalem 1999, 117)
Below the vignette of Nicopolis, that is, to its west, there are some place names that seem not to fit in with Eusebius' statements and may indicate the dependence of the map on other sources. Enetaba is not in the Onomastikon: Avi-Yonah left it unidentified, but it is very likely 'En Taba, according to Jewish sources a place near Lod, where the New Moon was announced after the destruction of Jerusalem: the modern toponym 'Ein Taba occurs to the east of the Nicopolis-Diospolis road. (See also the complete article)

Map Section 7 Place Sources

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