Places of Section 2

The Jordan Valley

10. Galgala, also the twelve stones - (Kh. al-Nitla)

Below the inscription we see a small church, its portal hidden by an elongated structure. This is apparently a wall, indicated by brown cubes, with twelve white cubes inserted in it (in two rows, each of six cubes).

The people came up out of the Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and they camped in Gilgal on the east border of Jericho. 20 Those twelve stones, which they had taken out of the Jordan, Joshua set up in Gilgal... (Jos 4:19-20)

Gebal. Galgas is a place near Jericho. Therefore the Samaritans are mistaken when they claim to locate Mount Gerizim and Mount Gebal near Neapolis, for the Scripture attests that they are near Galgal. (Eusebius, Onomasticon 64:18-20; Jerome 65:18-21)

Galgala (Jos 4:19) is the same as Golgol which we have mentioned above, to the east of ancient Jericho on this side of the Jordan, where Joshua circumcised the people for the second time and kept the Passover, and for the first time the children of Israel ate wheat bread, while the manna ceased; and in the same place they also set up the stone which they took out of the Jordan. The ark of the testimony also remained there for a long time. (Galgala) fell to the lot of the tribe of Judah, and to this very day a desert place is shown at the second milestone from Jericho, which is held most sacred by the people of that country. But there seems to be also another Galgala near Bethel. (Eusebius, Onomasticon 64:24-66,7; Jerome 65:25-67:7)

Map Section 2 Ancient Sources Discussion

Photo: A boat tied to a rope, at the Jordan ford.
A similar scene is depicted in the mosaic near Galgala.

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 10:23:05
by Eugenio Alliata ofm in collaboration with Stefano de Luca ofm
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copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000