Ancient Sources

Mount Ephraim and Benjamin

54. Armathaim, also Arimathea - (Ranthis)


Armathem Sofim civitas Elcanae et Samuelis, in regione Thamnitica iuxta Diospolim. Unde fuit Iosef qui in Evangeliis de Arimathia scribitur.
(Jerome 33:21-23)

Ruma, quae et Arima, ubi sedit Abimelech, sicut in libro Iudicum scriptum est, quae nunc appellatur Remfthis. Est autem in finibus Diospoleos, et a plerisque Arima-thaea nunc dicitur.
(Jerome 145:27-29)


Eusebius, Onomasticon 32:21-23 (ca. 295 A.D.); Jerome 33:21-23 (ca. 390 A.D.)
Armathaim-zophim (1 Sam 1:1), the town of Elkanah and Samuel. It is near Diospolis, in the district of Thamna; hence was Joseph of Arimathea who is mentioned in the Gospel.

Eusebius, Onomasticon 144:27-29
(ca. 295 A.D.); Jerome 145:27-29 (ca. 390 A.D.)
Ruma (Judg 9:31) or Aruma, where "Abimelech dwelt", as is written in the Book of Judges. Now it is called Remphis and is located in the boundaries of Diospolis, and many people today call it Arimathea.


1Sam 1:1-3.19-20 The birth of Samuel
There was a certain man of Ramathaim, a Zuphite from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham son of Elihu son of Tohu son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. 2 He had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.
3 Now this man used to go up year by year from his town to worship and to sacrifice to the Lord of hosts at Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were priests of the Lord...
... 9 They rose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord; then they went back to their house at Ramah. Elkanah knew his wife Hannah, and the Lord remembered her. 20 In due time Hannah conceived and bore a son. She named him Samuel, for she said, "I have asked him of the Lord."

Judg 9:30-31 Zebul sends messengers to Abimelech at Arumah
When Zebul the ruler of the city heard the words of Gaal son of Ebed, his anger was kindled. 31 He sent messengers to Abimelech at Arumah, saying, "Look, Gaal son of Ebed and his kinsfolk have come to Shechem, and they are stirring up the city against you.

1Macc 11:34 King Demetrius confirms Jonathan's possessions
We have confirmed as their possession both the territory of Judea and the three districts of Aphairema and Lydda and Rathamin; the latter, with all the region bordering them, were added to Judea from Samaria. To all those who offer sacrifice in Jerusalem we have granted release from the royal taxes that the king formerly received from them each year, from the crops of the land and the fruit of the trees.

Matt 27:57 A rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph
When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple.

Mark 15:43 Joseph of Arimathaea, honourable counseller
Joseph of Arimathaea, and honourable counseller, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.

Luke 23:51 Joseph was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews
(The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God.

John 19:38 Pilate gives Jesus' body to Joseph of Arimathea
After these things, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, though a secret one because of his fear of the Jews, asked Pilate to let him take away the body of Jesus. Pilate gave him permission; so he came and removed his body.


Josephus, Antiquities 13,125-128 (1st cent. A.D.)
King Demetrius to Jonathan his brother, and to the nation of the Jews, sendeth greeting. We have sent you a copy of that epistle which we have written to Lasthenes our kinsman, that you may know its contents.-(127) 'King Demetrius to Lasthenes our father, sendeth greeting. I have determined to return thanks, and to show favor to the nation of the Jews, who hath observed the rules of justice in our concerns. Accordingly, I remit to them the three prefectures, Apherima and Lydda, and Ramatha, which have been added to Judea out of Samaria, with their appurtenances; (128) as also what the kings my predecessors received from those that offered sacrifices in Jerusalem, and what are due from the fruits of the earth, and of the trees, and what else belongs to us; with the salt pits, and the crowns that used to be presented to us. Nor shall they be compelled to pay any of those taxes from this time to all futurity. Take care, therefore, that a copy of this epistle be taken and given to Jonathan, and be set up in an eminent place of their holy temple.

see also: 53. Rama - (al-Ram)

Map Section 5 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 13:05:22
by Eugenio Alliata ofm in collaboration with Stefano de Luca ofm
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copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000