Ancient Sources

The Arabah and the Negev



99. Thamara - (Qasr al-Juhayniya ?/ 'Ayn al-Husb ?)

ORIGINAL TEXTS


Asasonthamar. In hac habitabant quondam Amorraei quos interfecit Chodollagomor, iuxta eremum Cades.
(Jerome 9:5-8)


ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Eusebius, Onomasticon 8:6-9 (ca. 295 A.D.); Jerome 9:5-8 (ca. 390 A.D.)
Asason Thamar (Gen 14:7) , where the Amorites dwelt who were killed by Chedorlaomer. It is located near the desert of Kadesh. Now is called Thamara a village at one day's journey from Mampsis, on the way from Hebron to Aila, which is today a fort of the (Roman) soldiers.

BIBLICAL BACKGROUND

Gen. 14:1-7 The campaign of the four great kings
In the days of King Amraphel of Shinar, King Arioch of Ellasar, King Chedorlaomer of Elam, and King Tidal of Goiim, these kings made war with King Bera of Sodom, King Birsha of Gomorrah, King Shinab of Admah, King Shemeber of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). All these joined forces in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Dead Sea). Twelve years they had served Chedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled. In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and subdued the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim, and the Horites in the hill country of Seir as far as El-paran on the edge of the wilderness; then they turned back and came to En-mishpat (that is, Kadesh), and subdued all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites who lived in Hazazon-tamar.

Ezek. 47:18-19 The eastern and southern frontiers of the land
On the east side, between Hauran and Damascus; along the Jordan between Gilead and the land of Israel; to the eastern sea and as far as Tamar. This shall be the east side. On the south side, it shall run from Tamar as far as the waters of Meribath-kadesh, from there along the Wadi of Egypt to the Great Sea. This shall be the south side.

1Kings 9:17-18 Solomon's building program
So Solomon rebuilt Gezer, Lower Beth-horon, Baalath, Tamar in the wilderness, within the land.

MORE ANCIENT SOURCES

Notitia Dignitatum, 34,40 (5th cent. A.D.)
The 'Cohors quarta' of the Palestinians at Tarba [or Thamana].

Bersheba edict - Alt 1921, no. 2 (6th cent. A.D.)
From Thomara, 5 gold coins and to [the servants].


ICONOGRAPHIC PARALLELS

Tabula Peutingeriana
(4th cent. A.D.)
Thamaro


Map Section 8 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 13:34:40
by Eugenio Alliata ofm in collaboration with Stefano de Luca ofm
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copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000