MORE ANCIENT SOURCES
Plinius, Historia Naturalis, V,14 (1st cent. A.D.)
There are the two towns of Rhinocolura and inland Raphea, Gaza and inland Anthedon, and Mount Argaris. Further along the coast is the region of Samaria, the freee tawn named Iamnea, one of them inland; and the Phoenician city of Joppa.
PRyl 4, 454-461 (4st cent. A.D.)
On the 10th (of Mesore = August 3), in Rhinocorura:
Bread 4 (loafs), 400 drachms.
Peaches, 200 drachms
Gourds, 100 drachms
Small pumkins, 100 drachms
Eggs for dinner, 400 drachms
Wine of the best quality for you (Theophanes), 1400 drachms.
Anonymus Placentinus, Itinerarium 35 (ca. 570 A.D.)
Leaving the city of Elusa we entered the desert. Twenty miles on is a fort, the guest-house of saint George which provides something of refuge for passers-by and gives food for hermits. Leaving that we went into the heart of the desert, to the place of which the bible says 'A land transformed into a salty waste, because of the wickedness of its inhabitants.' We saw there a few men on camels (indeed we also saw some of them in Jerusalem) but they fled from us. The came from Ethiopia and had their nostrils split, their ears cut, boots on their feet, and rings on their toes. we asked them why, and they said 'This is our mark. It was granted us by the Emperor Trajan.'
BYZANTINE ADMINISTRATIVE LISTS
Hierocles, Synecdemos 726:3-727:6 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Augustamnica Prima, 13 cities under a corrector: Rhinocorura, Ostracina, Casium, Pentaschoinon, Aphnaion, Gerra, the Tents, Pelusium, Sethroitis, Hephaestus, Panephusis, Tanis, Thmuis.
Georgius Cyprius, 685-700 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Augustamnica Prima: Pelusium, Setroithes, Tanis, Thmuis, Rhinocorura, Ostracine, Pentaschoinon, Casium, Aphnaion, Ephaestos, Panephysis, the Tents outside Gerra, the Tents inside Gerra, Thennesos.
Salomon (A.D. 338)
Melas (A.D. 364/78)
Hermogenes (A.D. 431)
Zeno (A.D. 449)
Gregorius (VII cent. A.D.)
Epimachus, coptic (A.D. 743/67)
John, coptic (A.D. 1032/46)
Michael, coptic (A.D. 1047/77)