.Ancient Sources

Sinai and Egypt


135. Desert where the serpent of brass saved the Israelites - Feinan

ORIGINAL TEXTS


ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Num 21:8
And the Lord said to Moses, "Make a poisonous serpent, and set it on a pole; and everyone who is bitten shall look at it and live."

BIBLICAL BACKGROUND

Num 21:4-9 The serpent of brass
From Mount Hor they set out by the way to the Red Sea, to go around the land of Edom; but the people became impatient on the way. The people spoke against God and against Moses, "Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no food and no water, and we detest this miserable food." Then the Lord sent poisonous serpents among the people, and they bit the people, so that many Israelites died. The people came to Moses and said, "We have sinned by speaking against the Lord and against you; pray to the Lord to take away the serpents from us." So Moses prayed for the people. And the Lord said to Moses, "Make a poisonous serpent, and set it on a pole; and everyone who is bitten shall look at it and live." So Moses made a serpent of bronze, and put it upon a pole; and whenever a serpent bit someone, that person would look at the serpent of bronze and live.

MORE ANCIENT SOURCES

Eusebius, Onomasticon 69:9 (ca. 295 A.D.)
Fenon. Nowadays a small village in the desert, where the metal of copper is dug out by men damned to this work between the towns of Petra and Zoara.

Eusebius, Historia Ecclesiastica VIII,13,5 (4th cent. A.D.)
Of the martyrs in Palestine Silvanus, bishop of the churches about Gaza, was beheaded at the copper mines at Phaeno, with others, in number of forty save one.

Notitia Dignitatum 73:32 (5th cent. A.D.)
Phaeno. Ala Prima miliaria Sebastena.


EPISCOPAL CITY

Bishops' list
Saidas (A.D. 431)
Caiumas (A.D. 449)
Petrus (A.D. 518)
Ioannes (A.D. 536)
Theodore (A.D. 587)

Map Section 10 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 17:00:54
by Eugenio Alliata ofm in collaboration with Stefano de Luca ofm
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copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000