.Ancient Sources

Sinai and Egypt

136. Raphidim, where Israel fought
against Amalek who attacked them
- (wadi Feiran)


Rafidim locus in deserto iuxta montem Choreb, in quo de petra fluxere aquae, cognominatusque est tentatio, ubi et Iesus adversum Amalec dimicat prope Faran.
(Jerome 143:24-26)


Eusebius, Onomasticon 142:22-25 (ca. 295 A.D.); Jerome 143:24-26 (ca. 390 A.D.)
Raphidim (Num 33:14), a place in the desert near Mount Horeb, where the water came out of the rock of Mount Horeb (Exodus 17:6), and the place was named "temptation". There also Joshua fought Amalek near Pharan (Exodus 17:8-9).


Num. 33:5.14-15 The stages of the Exodus
And the children of Israel removed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth. And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness. ... and encamped at Rephidim, where was no water for the people to drink. And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai.

Ex. 17:1-7 The water from the rock
And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the Lord, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink. Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the Lord? And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst? And Moses cried unto the Lord, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me. And the Lord said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go. Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the Lord, saying, Is the Lord among us, or not?

Ex. 17:8-16 A battle against the Amalekites
Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand. So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed. But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword. And the Lord said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovah-nissi: For he said, Because the Lord hath sworn that the Lord will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.


Petrus Diaconus, De Locis Sanctis (Appendix to: Egeria, Itinerarium) Y15 (12th cent. A.D.)
Close to the village of Paran - a mile and a half away - the mountains converge to make a valley not quite thirty feed wide. It is the place called Rephidim, and it is where Amalek met the children of Israel, where the people murmured for water, and were Moses was met by Jethro, his father-in-law. The very lofty steep mountain which overhangs Paran is the place where Moses prayed while Joshua defeated Amalek; a church has now been built at the spot where Moses prayed, an you can still see the place where he sat, and how he had the stones under his couch. When Amalek was defeated, Moses built an altar there to the Lord. And for half a mile there it is all so steep that you would think you were going up a wall.

Map Section 10 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 17:01:15
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