Franciscan Custody of the Holy Land - 06/03/2000 info: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Franciscans are at St. John of Acre. They abandon this, their
first monastery, in 1291 when the Crusaders retreat from the city,
the last remnant of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.
The Franciscans establish themselves near the 5th Station of the
Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem during the truce (1129-1244) established
between Frederick II and the Sultan of Egypt.
Pope Gregory IX (with the bull "Si Ordinis Fratrum Minorum")
recommends the Franciscans and their activity to the Eastern
Patriarchs and bishops.
Franciscan monasteries are known to exist at Sidon and Tyre.
St. Louis IX, King of France, builds a Convent for the Franciscans
at Jaffa for the Franciscans.
Pope Alexander IV with the papal Bull "Ex relatu" grants the same
indulgences to the Franciscans of the Holy Land as those granted
to the Cruasaders.
Document of Baybars II, Sultan of Egypt, allowing the "Brethren of
the Cord (Franciscans) to establish themselves at the Cenacle, the
Sepulchre, and in Bethlehem. This is the first document signed by
the Moslem supreme authorities in favour of the Franciscans as
"guardians of the Christian holy places". From that moment there
was a steady increase in the number of such documents, together
with acts of purchase, juridical decisions. friendly transactions
Aragonese Franciscans, sent by James II of Aragon, serve at the
Robert of Anjou and Sanchia of Majorca, rulers of Naples acquire
from the Sultan of Egypt, the Cenacle and the surrounding property
as well as permission for the Friars to live at the site and the
right of residence and service at the Church of the Holy
Sanci of Majorca, Queen of Naples and Robert of Anjou build for
the Franciscans the convent at the Cenacle.
Canonical erection of the Custody of the Holy Land by Pope Clement
VI through the Papal Bulls "Gratias Agimus" and "Nuper Carissime".
Definitive occupation at the sanctuary of the Nativity at
Thanks to Joan, Queen of Naples and Sicily, the Franciscans enter
in possession of the Tomb of the Virgin in the Valley of Kidron
The Franciscans acquire the Milk's Grotto in Bethlehem.
The Franciscans obtain the right to celebrate services in the
Grotto Gethsemane, north of the basilica of the Agony.
Ein Kerem: acquisition of the place of the Birth of St. John the
Baptist. A church is built in 1621.
Expulsion from the friary at the Cenacle.
The Custody transfers its headquarters to the ex-Georgian convent
of St. Saviour.
The Franciscans acquire the Sanctuary of St. Peter in Tiberias.
The friars obtain definitive possession from the Druse Prince,
Fakhr el-Din, of the ruins on the site of the Annunciation in
The Druse Prince Fakhr el-Din donates Mount Tabor with its ruins
to the Franciscans.
Beginning of negotiations for acquiring Cana in Galilee,
negotiations that are to ccontinue for two centuries.
Beginning of negotiations for the acquisition of Gethsemane.
The Custody acquire the area of the Garden of Gethsemane.
Acquisition of sanctuary of the St. John at Ein Kerem.
Acquisition of the Crusader ruins of the sanctuary of the
Nutrition (St. Joseph) at Nazareth.
Acquisition of the sanctuary of the Flagellation in Jerusalem.
The chapel of St. Cleophas at Emmaus-Qubeibeh donated by the
Marquesse Paoline Nicolay.
Acquisition of the Seventh Station of the Via Dolorosa.
Acquisition of the sanctuary of Naim.
Conclusion of negotiations for Cana of Galilee.
The Friars acquire the sanctuary of Bethphage.
Acquisition of 5th Station and Dominus Flevit in Jerusalem; in
Galilee, the areas of Tabgha and Magdala are acquired while
negotiations for Bethany begin.
The ruins of Capharnaum are acquired.
Final acquisitions in the Gethsemane area.
The Friars acquire the Shepherd's field at Beit Sahur, in the
vicinity of Bethlehem.
Acquisition of "St. John in the Desert"
The Friars acquire the ruins of Siyagha (Mt. Nebo) and Mukhayyet
Acquisition of the site of Jesus' baptism on the banks of River
The Custody builds a new convent at the Cenacle on Mt. Zion.
Acquisition of the Sanctuary of Bethany.